Skin Diseases - Dry / Brittle hair

Dry / Brittle hair

Can affect just your scalp or your entire body. It can be the result of heredity, hormonal changes, medical conditions or medications. Anyone — men, women and children — can experience hair loss.

Baldness typically refers to excessive hair loss from your scalp. Hereditary hair loss with age is the most common cause of baldness.

What do you see?

Hair loss can appear in many different ways, depending on what's causing it. It can come on suddenly or gradually and affect just your scalp or your whole body. Some types of hair loss are temporary, and others are permanent.

Signs and symptoms of hair loss may include:

  • Gradual thinning on top of head. This is the most common type of hair loss, affecting both men and women as they age
  • Circular or patchy bald spots.
  • Sudden loosening of hair. A physical or emotional shock can cause hair to loosen. Causes overall hair thinning and not bald patches.
  • Full-body hair loss. Some conditions and medical treatments, such as chemotherapy for cancer..
  • Patches of scaling that spread over the scalp.

Causes:

Most people normally shed 50 to 100 hairs a day. Which is considered normal.

The exact cause of hair loss may not be fully understood, but it's usually related to one or more of the following factors:

  • Family history (heredity).
  • Hormonal changes.
  • Medical conditions.
  • Medications.

Diagnosis:

Depending on history and investigations

  • Blood test.
  • Pull test.
  • Scalp biopsy.

Treatment:

Treatments for hair loss include medications, platelet rich plasma therapy, surgery, laser therapy, and wigs or hairpieces.

The goals of treatment are to promote hair growth, slow hair loss or hide hair loss.

Medication:

Medications are available to treat pattern baldness. Two medications approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat hair loss are:

  • Minoxidil.
  • Finasteride.

Platelet rich plasma therapy:

PRP is an effective concentration of multiple growth factors (GFs) by virtue of platelets and plasma proteins. This cocktail of GFs is pivotal in modulation of tissue repair and regeneration, whereas the plasma proteins act as a support for the connective tissue and epithelial migration.

Surgery:

Hair transplant or restoration surgery.

During this procedure, your surgeon removes tiny plugs of skin, each containing a few hairs, from the back or sides of your scalp. He or she then implants the plugs into the bald sections of your scalp. You may be asked to take a hair loss medication before and after surgery to improve results.

Wigs and hairpieces:

You may want to try a wig or a hairpiece as an alternative to medical treatment or if you don't respond to treatment. It can be used to cover either permanent or temporary hair loss.

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