Skin Diseases - Skin Growths

Skin Growths

Mole / Nevi

Mole are common entities over the skin can be present from the childhood or may arise later in life. Moles are growths on the skin that range in color from the natural skin tone to brown or black

Most moles appear in early childhood and during the first 20 years of life. It is normal for a person to have between 10 to 40 moles by adulthood. Some moles may not appear until later in life.

As the years pass, moles usually change slowly, becoming raised and lighter in color. Often, hairs develop on the mole. Some moles will not change at all and some will slowly disappear over time.

What do you see?

  • Generally small dark to skin coloured.
  • Flat to raised skin lesions anywhere over the body.
  • Any changes in a mole's color, thickness, size or shape, you should see a dermatologist.
  • You also should have moles checked if they bleed, ooze, itch, or become tender or painful.

Diagnosis:

  • Clinical.
  • Histopathological examination.

Treatment:

  • Radiofrequency removal.
  • Punch excision.
  • Elliptical excision.
  • Laser therapies.

Warts:

Warts are small, rough lumps on the skin that are benign. They commonly seen on the hands and feet.

Warts are caused by infection with a virus known as the human papilloma virus (HPV).

What do you see?:

There are several different types of warts. The more common types include:

  • Common warts – Raised skin coloured lesions.
  • Plantar warts (verrucas). Raised to flat skin coloured lesions.
  • Plane warts- Dark to skin coloured flat.
  • Filiform warts- Skin coloured narrow long projections having a bushy end.
  • Periungual warts – Skin coloured flat to raised.
  • Genital warts – skin coloured flat to raised.

Spread:

Contagious- When a disease or infection can be easily passed from one person to another.

Diagnosis:

  • Clinical examination.
  • Histopathological examination.

Treatment:

  • Radiofrequency.
  • Cryotherapy.
  • Intralesional injections.
  • Autoinoculation.
  • Immune modulatory drugs.

Various other skin lesions such as seborrheic keratosis, milia, pyogenic granulomas, over the face, head and neck, and other parts of the body can be removed.

Skin Tags

Skin tags are very common soft harmless lesions that appear to hang off the skin.

What do you see?

  • Skin tags are projections of smooth or irregular skin.
  • Flesh-colored or more deeply pigmented, projecting from surrounding skin.
  • Often connected by a narrow stalk to the surrounding skin.
  • Appear around the eyelids, neck, groin, underarms and under the breasts.
  • They are usually painless, but may become irritated and itch.

Diagnosis:

  • Clinical examination.
  • Histopathological examination.

Treatment:

  • Radio frequency removal.
  • Surgical excision.
  • Cryotherapy.

Various other skin lesions such as seborrheic keratosis, milia, pyogenic granulomas, over the face, head and neck, and other parts of the body can be removed.

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